Verbos Modales en Inglés Lista con Ejemplos

Ejemplos y significado de los verbos modales

Los verbos modales añaden más significado al verbo principal.

I might go to the cinema later. (adds possibility)

No es necesario conjugar la tercera persona de un verbo modal.

He might go to the cinema later. (not mights

Los verbos modales más comunes


Usamos will en las siguientes situaciones:


I will do the washing later.

I will marry you.

Decisión inmediata

I will help you.

I will buy some milk.

Predicciónes Certeras 

We will use robots more in the future.

Liverpool will be champions this year.

Como puede ver, will se utiliza generalmente para situaciones futuras.


Situación imaginaria

I would go to Bali if I had the money.

I would have felt better if I hadn’t eaten all that chocolate.

Eventos regulares en el pasado

I would play football for hours when I was a child.

I would go to the seaside every summer.

Futuro del discurso reportado

Jane said she would meet her mother.

He said he would write the report.


Una buena idea / consejo

You should go to the doctor.

You should see that movie.

Cuando algo no está bien

They should be here by now.

The screw should be here somewhere.

Predicción incierta

I have done everything so it should work.

The train should arrive in 5 hours.



You must practice speaking English.

You must clean your house.

Deducción/entendimiento lógico/especulación

You have been walking all day. You must be tired. 

It is very hot in here. You must be thirsty.

Have to


I have to wear glasses to read the newspaper.

I have to go to work every day.



I may go to church this Sunday.

I may be late this evening.

Pedir permiso (Educado)

May I use the bathroom?

May I have some milk?



I might go to church this Sunday.

I might be late this evening.



We can eat ice cream after dinner.

We can have a dog next year.


I can speak four languages.

I can play the guitar.


Can I use the bathroom?

Can I go visit Thailand now?


Can I help you with your homework?

Can I do anything to help you?



We could go for a walk after dinner.

We could spend that money on a new dishwasher.

Habilidad en el pasado

I could play the piano when I was a child.

You could buy a lot with 1 pound when I was a child. 


Could you pass me the water?

Could I use your phone, please?

Verbos modales en negativo

Algunos verbos modales negativos no tienen un significado directamente opuesto.


Lo opuesto a Must. Es necesario que no hagas eso.

You mustn’t walk on the grass.

You mustn’t smoke in here.

Don’t have to

No es necesario, pero puedes si quieres.

You don’t have to do your homework. (pero puedes si quieres)

You don’t have to study grammar.(pero ayuda si lo haces)

Verbos modales menos comunes

Had better

Buena Idea/Advisable

I‘d better go home before it starts raining.

I had better not buy that coat.



Shall I help you with your coat?

Shall I make you a cup of tea?


Shall we go?

Ought to


You ought to know better!


$50 dollars ought to be enough.


No es necesario

You needn’t do your homework.