Usamos Some quando há uma quantidade não especificada. Não sabemos (ou não podemos contar) a quantidade ou a quantidade não importa.
I want to buy some beers
There are some people in the room.
Nós usamos Any um quando não temos algo. Nós temos zero.
I don’t have any money.(I have zero money)
I don’t have any apples.
Quando usar some e any (Regras)
Em geral, utilizamos some em frases positivas e any em negativas. Podemos usar some e any com substantivos contáveis e incontáveis.
Do we have any milk?
We don’t know if there is milk in the fridge.
Can you buy me some milk in the supermarket?
We know the milk exists in the supermarket.
Então, usamos some com perguntas que são ofertas ou pedidos.
Offer Would you like some milk?
Request (Pedido) Can you buy me some milk?
E usamos any em perguntas quando não sabemos se algo existe.
Do you have any pizza?
Exceções às regras
Às vezes podemos usar any (qualquer um) em frases positivas
Quando todas as opções são válidas
Pass me any drink.
We can go to any game you like.
Quando a frase tem uma idéia negativa
We never get any chocolate
We hardly ever buy anything nice.
He stayed there without any clean clothes.
Quando nós usamos “if”
Let me know if you need anything
I am sorry for anything he has done wrong.
Anything/Something, Anytime/Sometime, Somebody/ Anybody
I want something but I don’t know what.
I didn’t buy anything.
Let’s meet sometime on Friday.
Anytime on Friday is fine.(it doesn’t matter)
Someone (unspecified person)
Someone took my pen.
Does anyone have a car I can borrow?
Todas essas palavras seguem as mesmas regras de qualquer some e de any. Note como qualquer uma é usada com o tempo. A qualquer momento= um tempo que não importa Anytime = a time that doesn’t matter.
Vejam este exemplo:
Someone significa uma pessoa não especificada, mas anyone acrescenta mais significado. Qualquer pessoa é qualquer pessoa e está à procura de ajuda.Anyone is whatever person and he is looking for help.
Some common student questions
What is the difference between someone and somebody?
They are the same but somebody is a little bit more informal.
Does any mean all?
No, All means the total amount of objects. Any means one or some of the objects.
Is any singular?
Any is a determiner and a pronoun so it is not singular. It can be followed by singular or plural nouns.
What word type is any?
Any is a determiner and also an adverb.
Is there any or are there any?
It depends on what you are talking about. Both are correct.
Is there any milk?
Are there any bottles?
Is anyone singular or plural?
Anyone is singular but we use they/their/them in the second part of the sentence.
Is anyone drinking their milk?
Do any does any……?
Again, it depends on the noun that follows.
Do any political parties believe in Justice?
Does any chart have the right answer?
What type of word is some?
Some is a determiner and a pronoun.
Can some be all?
No, some is only a part of the objects, not all of them.
Some and Any Exercícios
Use Some or Any
1 We didn’t buy ____ cakes.
2 Tonight I’m going out with ____ friends of mine.
3 Have you seen good ____ movies recently?
4 I didn’t have ___ food, so I had to borrow____.
5 Can I have ____ milk in my coffee, please?
Use some or any
Can you buy me ____ bread?
Do you have ___ cars to sell?
Would you mind passing me ____ carrots?
Can you do ___ gardening after school?
Have you eaten ____ of this cake?