Explanations and Phrases with prepositions in English
Of is usually a reference between two things.It is used in the following ways:
–Expressing the relationship between a part and a whole.
He ate a slice of cake
John is a member of the team.
He drank half of the beer.
–Expressing the relationship between a direction and a point of reference.
I live in the south side of the city
Girona is north of Barcelona
–Indicating the relationship between a verb and an indirect object.
It is made of plastic
She died of a heart attack
I drank a bottle of wine with my dinner
I went with him to the cinema
–Having or possessing (something)
We use this when we describe things/people.
He was a tall man with short hair
*****Common mistake***** We do not use with for age
X With 15 years
When I was 15
–Indicating the instrument/material used to perform an action
He cut the steak with a knife
He build the house with his hands
–Expressing location or arrival in a particular place or position.
We use at to show a point of reference to where we are or where something is.
I am at the cinema
I am sitting at the back
The screen is at the front
–Expressing the time when an event takes place.
This is usually a short time using o’clock or something happening now
I start school at 9 o’clock
I am not working at the moment
–Indicating the point in space at which a journey, motion, or action starts.
I am from Ireland.
The journey is from Spain to Brazil.
We started from scratch.
–Moving from one space to another
He came into the room
I put the bottle into the fridge
–Throughout the course or duration of a period of time.
I fell asleep during the movie
**** Common mistake***** We do not use during to show length of time
X We lived in Rome during 3 years
We lived in Rome for 3 years
–Up to the point in time or the event mentioned
Please can you stay until 12?
I am here until March.
I am planning on staying until the movie is finished.
–In opposition to.
I am against Racism. Are you?
The president is against the idea of joining the E.U
–In or into physical contact with something so as to be supported by or collide with it.
Maria is sitting against the window.
He hit his head against the wall.
–Situated more or less centrally in relation to several other things
She is sitting among the other students
The man was among the injured people
Between is used when there is only 2 objects
He is sitting between the door and the wall
–In every part of a place or object.
John travelled throughout the U.S.A
–From beginning to end of an event or period of time.
He was sleeping throughout the movie.
These are 10 examples of prepositions in English.
Click here for The complete guide to Prepositions
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